Modules

To achieve the objectives of the AKM Capacity Development Program, eight (8) training modules were designed after a thorough analysis of a large number of additional training requests, which were addressed by local and appointed political officials in the Association of Kosovo Municipalities over the years.

During the evaluation of training requests, AKM selected the most important issues and came up with the first training offer of the Training Center, which consists of the following modules: 

Inclusive, transparent and accountable municipalities are an engine for local development and a better deliverer of services to the public.

This module offers participants information and knowledge about the multiple tools that can be used to create more accountable and transparent municipalities, while it emphasizes the responsibility of local governments towards the public, and the active participation of non-governmental actors to influence the response of government to their daily concerns.

This module also focuses on is the need to strengthen human rights mechanisms- those for gender equality and those that promote social dialogue.

This module draws attention to the benefits of inclusive and diverse municipalities, while it also aims to equip participants with more detailed knowledge about the need to empower women, children, minorities and other marginalized groups in the decision-making processes.

The topics that are elaborated, among others, in this module are:

  • Gender equality in municipalities,
  • Human rights mechanisms,
  • Promoting social dialogue,
  • Actions toward transparency and accountability, 
  • Anti-corruption measures and their integration at the local level.

The Law on Local Self-Government Nr. 03/L-040 defines the status of municipalities, their competencies, the functions of municipal bodies, inter- and intra-municipal arrangements and cooperation, and relationships with the central government and other relevant actors.

A transparent and accountable local government is one of the most basic pillars of the rights of all citizens in a democratic system. It is, consequently, crucial for each of the actors in the decision-making triangle that consists of politicians, the local administration and the civil society to understand their own functions, but more importantly, the role and responsibility of each sector towards the others. 

The purpose of this training module is to increase the understanding of the functioning of the local governmental leadership structures, the roles of Assembly and the Administration, and their relationship with the civil society and other actors.

This module aims to facilitate communication between the different municipal bodies within municipalities (roles of the municipal Assembly towards the executive branch and vice versa), communication between two or more municipalities, communication between municipalities and the civil society and communication between municipalities and the public.

During this module, participants will be equipped with the necessary skills to use multiple communication methods and improve communication channels and tools.

The topics that are elaborated, among others, in this module are:

  • Roles of the Municipal Assembly towards the executive branch and vice versa,
  • Internal communication in municipalities,
  • Inter-municipal communication,
  • Communication channels and tools,
  • Public relations.

 

Local elections in Kosovo are held based on a four-year cycle model bringing new leadership structures in many municipalities across Kosovo. While mayors and assembly members are directly voted by the people, directors- after their appointment by mayors- take on leading a specific directorate until new elections are announced. But, a large majority of directors (not all) have no previous experience in leading and managing teams.

Through this module directors will be equipped with skills (social, analytical and decision-making) necessary to increase productivity and performance of the respective municipal directorates. This module will particularly focus on methods and measures that have to be taken in order to ensure the implementation of municipal and national strategies at the local level. An emphasis will be given to the importance of implementing Municipal Development Plans and other legal and sublegal acts despite transformations caused by crises or different exogenous shocks, changing preferences of leadership structures or shifting power configurations in municipalities.

Participants of this training module will have the opportunity to learn about different leadership models that can be used to resolve issues caused by previous delays/problems without changing the strategic long-term goals of municipalities. Hereby, this theme will highlight the importance of maintaining institutional continuity without hampering change.

The topics that are elaborated, among others, in this module are:

  • Integrated strategic management,
  • Leading and managing teams,
  • Cultivate workplace relationships and diversity,
  • Solving complex problems,
  • Understanding innovation.

Drafting the annual budget of a municipality requires inputs and feedback from all departments and branches of the municipality and the public.

It is therefore imperative that local officials (elected, appointed, and civil servants) be aware of their roles and responsibilities in the effective development and implementation of the budget. In order not to damage the issues that need to be considered when drafting the budget for this module, information and knowledge of the entire budgeting process atre reviewed.

This module aims to equip participants with the basic know-how in budgeting at the local level. Furthermore, participants will be taught about the importance of respecting deadlines, the municipality’s role vis-à-vis the central level and vice versa, and the need to conduct a gender responsive, participatory budgeting process including and addressing the needs of under-represented and marginalized groups.

The topics that are elaborated, among others, in this module are:

  • The basics of budgeting in municipalities,
  • Roles and responsibilities of municipal mechanisms during the budgeting proces,
  • Respecting deadlines: why is it important?
  • Relations between central and local government during the budgeting process: What is at stake?
  • Participatory budgeting
  • Gender budgeting.

With the dynamic changes in information and communication technologies (ICT), smart governance is the inevitable future for the public sector. If applied effectively, it can improve decision-making through better collaboration among different stakeholders, including the local government and citizens. To implement E-governance in practice, local officials need to have the knowledge and skills needed to understand and apply the smart governance ways that can be put in place to provide low-cost, effective and easy-to-use services to the public.

This module focuses on multiple tools, platforms, and methods of smart-governance such as one-stop-shops, database management, digitalization, and the multiple tools of E-governance and E-services.

The topics that are elaborated, among others, in this module are:

– Database management

– One-Stop-Shop

– Digitalization

– E- Governance

– E-Services.

The Law on Local Self-Government Nr. 03/L-040 defines the status of municipalities, their competencies, the functions of municipal bodies, inter- and intra-municipal arrangements and cooperation, and relationships with the central government. It equips municipalities with a wide range of responsibilities towards the public. However, a plethora of other laws and regulations are of crucial importance to municipalities as they, too, define specific roles and responsibilities municipalities have in their relation with the central government and towards the public (e.g. Law on Public Procurement, Law on Local Finances, Law on the Allocation for Use and Exchange of Immovable Property of the Municipality etc.).

This module aims to train local elected and appointed officials on their roles and responsibilities that derive from key legislation of local governance in Kosovo. Furthermore, it encourages participants to look into more cost-effective options to implement this legislation and improve it through continuous amendments.

The topics that are elaborated, among others, in this module are:

  • Introductory sessions for newly adopted legislation
  • Law on Local Self-Government
  • Law on Public Procurement
  • Law on Local Finances
  • Law on the Allocation for Use and Exchange of Immovable Property of the Municipality
  • Law on Gender Equality

Municipalities have the right to apply for foreign funding (mainly infrastructure projects) depending on their needs. However, local elected and appointed officials often face difficulties when applying for European funds or those from other national and/or international donors. The lack of well trained staff in project preparation, development and implementation is one of the key problems municipalities face when applying for such projects.

This module provides local elected and appointed officials with information about key aspects in the preparation, development and implementation phase of infrastructure projects and the necessary knowledge to take an inclusive approach (i.e. human rights and gender mainstreaming) when developing and implementing such projects.

To deliver trainings under this module, AKM TC uses materials that have already been developed by NALAS (Network of Associations of Local Authorities of South-East Europe).

This material contains information about issues such as domestic and international funds and programs, project cycle, project Implementation, monitoring, evaluation & audit, internal organization and planning for successful project management, institutional arrangements in complex multi-donor infrastructure projects, cost-benefit analysis, project’s context analysis, stakeholder mapping, development of project activities, identification of project risks and assumptions, project budgeting and financial analysis, Practical Guide of EU for procurement, project construction phase, and the project closing phase etc.

The topics that are elaborated, among others, in this module are:

  • Preparations for infrastructure investment projects,
  • Development of infrastructure investment projects,
  • Implementation of infrastructure investment projects,
  • Application for funds at International Financial Institutions.

Planning, implementation and monitoring of activities in the field of energy at the local level as well as recording and reporting changes which result from the implementation of such measures, is the responsibility of municipalities which according to the Law on Local Self-Government 03 / L-40 are defined as basic units of local self-government in the Republic of Kosovo. The responsibilities and obligations of municipal authorities in the field of energy, although not explicitly defined in the Law, can be derived from a series of responsibilities specifically listed within their competencies, such as competencies related to:

  • Local economic development;
  • Urban and rural planning;
  • Implementation of building regulations and standards for construction control;
  • Protection of the local environment;
  • Provision and maintenance of public services;
  • Providing public preschool, primary and secondary education;
  • Public housing.